Movements by the unemployed in France and social protection: the <i>Fonds d'urgence sociale</i> experience

Bouget Denis

in Changing labour markets, welfare policies and citizenship

Published by Policy Press

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9781861342720
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301660 | DOI:
Movements by the unemployed in France and social protection: the Fonds d'urgence sociale experience

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This chapter focuses on the short period of social evolution in France; the protests of the unemployed between 1997 to 1998, the reaction of the French government which led to the distribution of one million French franc to the claimants through the form of social relief called Fonds d'urgence sociale (FUS) and its consequences for the social welfare system. The first section of the chapter discusses reasons for the potential conflict between the French social welfare system and the unemployed. It places emphasis on the confused relationship between solidarity and citizenship. The second section discusses the history of the movements of the unemployed in France. It discusses their demonstrations, their association with other new social movements and the dissatisfaction that spurred their specific claims as a result of the Juppé plan and strikes in 1995. The third section analyses the social policy responses and the government decisions regarding the demonstrations of 1998. It specifically focuses on the creation and the management of the FUS, which affirms the shift towards a residualised model of citizenship. The chapter ends with a discussion of general lessons to be learnt on the long-term changes and the consequences of these protests.

Keywords: social evolution; France; unemployed; social relief; Fonds d'urgence sociale; social welfare system; French social welfare

Chapter.  8852 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Occupations, Professions, and Work

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