Chapter

Activation policies as reflexive social policies

Rik van Berkel and Maurice Roche

in Active social policies in the EU

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9781861342805
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301400 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861342805.003.0009
Activation policies as reflexive social policies

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This chapter evaluates the research results from an active social policy perspective. Since the development of social policies increasingly takes place in a context of EU policy making, this chapter explains this broader political context. It then applies the theme of reflexivity and expounds on it in the context of debates on the future of active social policies. Based on the results of INPART, it also determines several core issues of activation — heterogeneity and policy differentiation, objectives of activation, matching resources of work and people's needs, the relation between participation and income and the recognition of non-labour-market inclusion strategies. It argues that two approaches to these issues can be distinguished — orthodox consensus of activation and reflexive activation. It reasons in favour of treating activation as a process that involves activation not only of policy clients but also of the institutions involved in designing, implementing and delivering social policies.

Keywords: activation policies; reflexive social policies; active social policy; EU policy making; income; non-labour market inclusion strategies; orthodox consensus of activation; reflexive activation

Chapter.  12484 words. 

Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology

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