Chapter

Fixed-term contracts and unemployment at the beginning of the employment career in Germany: does gender matter?

Karin Kurz

in The gender dimension of social change

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343321
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343321.003.0007
Fixed-term contracts and unemployment at the beginning of the employment career in Germany: does gender matter?

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This chapter examines to what extent women and men in West and East Germany are effected by fixed-term contracts and the risk of unemployment at the beginning of their career. The focus of this chapter is on those employment entrants, allowing careful observation of how gender inequalities develop from the start of the employment career. At this stage, family work is not yet important to most people. Hence, if gender differences can be found, these are not attributed to the family obligations of men and women. In addition to discussing the outcomes of gender inequalities, the chapter also examines whether the risk of precarious unemployment or unemployment and gender inequality are associated with factors such as education, occupational class, vocational training, ethnic origin and region. More generally, the chapter aims to know whether precarious jobs and unemployment become more or less likely for all labour market entrants. For this chapter, the data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP) are used and referred to. The chapter also studies people who began employment between 1985 and 1998, with focus on the risk of starting on a fixed-term contract and on the risk of experiencing a subsequent period of unemployment.

Keywords: women and men; Germany; fixed-term contracts; unemployment; gender inequalities; employment career; precarious unemployment; employment

Chapter.  9643 words. 

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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