Chapter

Gender wage differentials in Britain and Japan<sup>*</sup>

Yayoi Sugihashi and Angela Dale

in The gender dimension of social change

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343321
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343321.003.0009
Gender wage differentials in Britain and Japan*

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This chapter compares the earnings differentials between women and men in Britain and Japan, and looks at the rationale behind those differences. It reviews the theoretical explanation for gender pay differences, and describes the methods employed in the estimation of earnings equations and in the determination of the different components of the pay gap. Data from published materials in Japan and from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the National Child Development Study (NCDS) in Britain are used in this analysis. The chapter then determines the pay gap from British data and compares the results with the Japanese findings. From this point, the chapter explores the different components of the gender pay gap in Britain and Japan from the perspective of cultural, institutional and individual differences in the two countries. Finally, the chapter turns to longitudinal data in order to provide a fuller model of earnings and differences in the British case. This model allows early life influences and parental background to be included and is based on the NDCS.

Keywords: earnings differentials; women and men; Britain; Japan; gender pay differences; earnings equations; pay gap

Chapter.  16113 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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