Chapter

Buffers and predictors of mental health problems among unemployed young women in countries with different breadwinner models

Ilse Julkunen and Ira Malmberg-heimonen

in Youth unemployment and social exclusion in Europe

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2003 | ISBN: 9781861343680
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304388 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343680.003.0009
Buffers and predictors of mental health problems among unemployed young women in countries with different breadwinner models

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This chapter examines young women's experiences of unemployment in Finland, Sweden, Germany and Spain. It describes how different predictors and buffers affect mental health in different countries. It starts by comparing the labour market context of women and cross-country differences regarding welfare arrangements. It then presents a short overview of research concerning unemployment and wellbeing among women. The empirical research is reported, which covers a comparison of mental health problems among young unemployed women and men, and further explores the influence of different buffers and predictors of mental health problems among women in countries with different breadwinner models. Financial dependency predicts mental health problems among unemployed young women in Finland, Sweden and Spain. In Germany, no substantial effects are found in relation to the predicting variables. The results demonstrate that the buffers and predictors of mental health problems among unemployed women vary between dual and male breadwinner model countries.

Keywords: mental health problems; youth unemployment; Finland; Sweden; Germany; Spain; labour market; buffers; predictors; young women

Chapter.  7421 words.  Illustrated.

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