Chapter

The human condition is structurally unequal

Peter Townsend and David Gordon

in World poverty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343956
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304340 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0001
The human condition is structurally unequal

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This chapter describes the scope of the book. Three types of institutions (the richest governments, international agencies, and largest corporations) are prime instigators or sponsors of the policies that deepen, perpetuate, or aim to reduce existing poverty and inequality. The idea of these three ‘transforming’ the debate about poverty applies to the arguments they have put forward to reduce organised state welfare, progressive taxation, and employment rights, and to actively support privatisation. The scope of the book is international, and its focus is on anti-poverty policies rather than the scale, causes, and measurement of poverty. It is divided into four parts: international anti-poverty policies: the problems of the Washington Consensus; anti-poverty policies in rich countries; anti-poverty policies in poor countries; and future anti-poverty policies, both in national and international context.

Keywords: poverty; state policy; inequality; progressive taxation; Washington Consensus; anti-poverty policies

Chapter.  6746 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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