Chapter

A European definition of poverty: the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the member states of the European Union

Bernd Schulte

in World poverty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343956
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304340 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0006
A European definition of poverty: the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the member states of the European Union

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This chapter explains what anti-poverty policies have been developed in Europe. It describes minimum incomes, access to the labour market, and access to social services. The chapter also describes the first, second, and third European anti-poverty programmes from 1975 to 1994. The intentions of the anti-poverty programmes were to stimulate political debate in the member countries, exchange information and experience of different policies, monitor poverty, and coordinate activities in the different countries to combat poverty. Income poverty remained the dominant feature of the conditions investigated. Meanwhile, social exclusion was best understood as a denial of basic rights or social citizenship. Modern conditions seemed to have reduced the effectiveness of social-security systems. There is a gap between the principles of equity or justice and the actual implementation of an administrative system of benefit.

Keywords: social exclusion; anti-poverty policies; Europe; social services; labour-market access; income poverty

Chapter.  11969 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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