Chapter

Social funds in sub-Saharan Africa: how effective for poverty reduction?

Nazneen Kanji

in World poverty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343956
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304340 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0010
Social funds in sub-Saharan Africa: how effective for poverty reduction?

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The World Bank's prescriptions for economic reform have been widely criticised in the context of structural adjustment policies and the deepening economic crisis in Africa. This chapter examines the response of the Bank to growing criticisms, first taking the form of the Social Dimension of Adjustment (SDA) programme. This was a joint programme between the World Bank, the African Development Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, and bilateral donors. It emphasised ‘social-safety-net’ programmes and provided funding for the collection and analysis of data on poverty in individual African countries. However, such programmes are no substitute for wider economic and social policies that address the distribution of material and social assets in highly unequal societies and which do not rely on market-based mechanisms alone to reduce the unacceptable levels of poverty and deprivation that exist in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Keywords: World Bank; Africa; economic crisis; SDA programme; social safety net; poverty reduction

Chapter.  7809 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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