Chapter

Round pegs and square holes: mismatches between poverty and housing policy in urban India

Sunil Kumar

in World poverty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343956
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304340 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0012
Round pegs and square holes: mismatches between poverty and housing policy in urban India

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The poverty of the masses in India has been of concern for generations. This chapter documents the mismatch between actual housing policies and the kind of policies needed to assist the poor in India. The poor are excluded from formal housing processes and are made insecure by the mechanisms that are supposed to serve them. The chapter draws on research in Bangalore and Surat to illustrate the broader policies required of the existing development agencies such as the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the UN Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat). In addition to action on material deprivation, a housing policy that provides a range of tenure options and closely replicates informal mechanisms of delivery is what is needed. The difficulty lies in the ability of the institutions of the state to follow such mechanisms, primarily because they are intricately located within multiple social and political relationships.

Keywords: mass poverty; India; housing policies; World Bank; Bangalore

Chapter.  10487 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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