Chapter

Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses<sup>1</sup>

Athar Hussain

in World poverty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2002 | ISBN: 9781861343956
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304340 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861343956.003.0013
Urban poverty in China: incidence and policy responses1

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This chapter describes new research on urban poverty in China, which has the largest population in the world. It sets out to answer two sets of questions. First, how many urban poor are there in China, and what percentage of the urban population do they represent? Second, what social safety nets are there to rescue the urban population from poverty? In order to answer the first set of questions, the chapter draws upon urban household data collected by the Chinese National Bureau of Statistics. It answers the second set of questions in terms of an assessment of the two income-maintenance schemes that serve as supports of the social safety net for the urban population. The key policies for the urban poor in China are the Minimum Living Standard Scheme (MLSS), a recent addition, and a longer-established social-security package that includes social insurance.

Keywords: China; urban poverty; food poverty line; Bureau of Statistics; social safety net; MLSS

Chapter.  11974 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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