Chapter

Innovation clusters and competitive cities in the UK and Europe

James Simmie

in City matters

Published by Policy Press

Published in print May 2004 | ISBN: 9781861344458
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301868 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861344458.003.0010
Innovation clusters and competitive cities in the UK and Europe

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This chapter examines the influence of innovation on the competiveness and economic growth of cities in Great Britain and Europe. It attempts to explain how innovation leads to growth and why innovation is so concentrated in a minority of urban regions. The chapter suggests that there are four main bodies of theory which can explain directly or indirectly the reasons why innovation is relatively concentrated in some places rather than others. These include the traditional agglomeration theory, networked- and embedded-production theory, knowledge-economy theory, and new-trade theory.

Keywords: innovation; competitiveness; economic growth; Great Britain; Europe; urban regions; agglomeration theory; embedded production; knowledge economy; new trade

Chapter.  8578 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Urban and Rural Studies

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