Chapter

Providing for the ‘children of the nation’, 1880s–1918

Harry Hendrick

in Child welfare

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2003 | ISBN: 9781861344779
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301721 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861344779.003.0002
Providing for the ‘children of the nation’, 1880s–1918

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This chapter focuses on child welfare during the late 19th century until the early 20th century. The chapter immediately starts off with a discussion of the background of child welfare during this period. It then introduces the Child Study Movement, which helped in positioning the social, educational, and psychological importance of understanding the child. Child cruelty and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) are the main focus of one section, which includes a discussion of the founding of the NSPCC and the passing of the Children's Charter. The chapter also considers the 1885 Criminal Law Amendment Act, which was drafted due to the increase in juvenile prostitution and the selling of British girls. This was followed by the 1908 Punishment of Incest Act, the direct result of a campaign conducted during the early 1890s. Various other programs and laws that were introduced and drafted during this period are discussed, such as the School Meals Service and the Infant Welfare Movement.

Keywords: Child Study Movement; child cruelty; NSPCC; juvenile prostitution; incest; School Meals Service; Infant Welfare Movement

Chapter.  35100 words. 

Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology

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