Chapter

Historical poverty and the roots of decline

Ruth Lupton

in Poverty Street

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9781861345356
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303039 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861345356.003.0003
Historical poverty and the roots of decline

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This chapter explores the trajectories of poverty in more detail, highlighting the areas of primary deprivation. The decline had started in the 1960s due to the increase of crime and antisocial behaviour, decline in the sense of community, and the loss of shops and services. Underlying these changes were three consistent themes: economic restructuring, resulting in every case in enormous job losses; widening inequality (driven in large part by economic changes); and changes in the size and composition of the population. It is shown that these changes led in an increase in the rate of poverty. Council-housing areas were developing the most entrenched poverty concentrations. By the beginning of the 1990s, poverty concentrations were acute and inequality was wide.

Keywords: primary deprivation; job losses; inequality; population size; population composition; council-housing areas; poverty concentrations

Chapter.  10529 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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