Chapter

The 1990s: decline and divergence

Ruth Lupton

in Poverty Street

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9781861345356
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303039 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861345356.003.0004
The 1990s: decline and divergence

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This chapter discusses the history of the areas' decline and divergence during the 1990s. It is noted that the fortunes of Southside and West-City pull apart. These two areas represent the extremes of the contrasts between poor neighbourhoods in the 1990s. The changing profile of the labour market had its impact both for older workers and prospective labour-market entrants. Economic change affected social and psychological outcomes as well as earnings and incomes. It is also observed that, in all the northern cities and outlying industrial areas, underlying trends of depopulation were deepening poverty concentrations in the least popular areas and neighbourhoods and, in some cases, literally beginning to empty them out. The uneven patterns of development meant that the fortunes of the areas started to diverge as they continued to be driven by the wider forces of the economic change, population movements, and housing demand.

Keywords: Southside; West-City; poor neighbourhoods; labour market; poverty; economic change; population; housing

Chapter.  12898 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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