Chapter

Social welfare in China

Joe C.B. Leung

in East Asian welfare regimes in transition

Published by Policy Press

Published in print March 2005 | ISBN: 9781861345523
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302162 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861345523.003.0003
Social welfare in China

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This chapter focuses on social welfare reform in China. It traces in detail the progress of social welfare reform in the wake of the market-oriented economic reforms that began in 1978 which marked a distinct break with the egalitarian/needs-based social policy of the previous Maoist era. It outlines the pragmatic reform strategy and describes its impact on the work-based welfare system established by Mao. In essence, the government is reducing its interventions and regulation of the people, and trying to share responsibility with the family, individuals, neighbourhoods, charities and private enterprises. There is increasing reliance on state-led private charities and philanthropy, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and self-help initiatives; in short, a more mixed or pluralistic system. In social insurance, the discussion highlights the reforms of the pension, unemployment and health care systems.

Keywords: social welfare reform; social policy; Mao; NGOs; social insurance; health care systems

Chapter.  8906 words. 

Subjects: Comparative and Historical Sociology

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