Chapter

Empowerment or ‘cooling out’? Dilemmas and contradictions of Integrated Transition Policies<sup>1</sup>

Andreas Walther

in Young people and contradictions of inclusion

Published by Policy Press

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9781861345547
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304357 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861345547.003.0010
Empowerment or ‘cooling out’? Dilemmas and contradictions of Integrated Transition Policies1

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This chapter can be read as an overarching bridge between the three sections. By way of summarising the earlier chapters and integrating the reactions and comments made by policy makers during the Madrid conference, it becomes clear that policies themselves are driven by contradictory objectives or dilemmas which undermine their efficacy. One perspective in this regard may be the limited scope of empowering social and transition policies in modernised capitalist labour societies. Another perspective, which does not necessarily contradict the first, suggests that such dilemmas stand for a decreasing linearity between policies and effects in late modernity. This requires a fundamental shift from policies for social integration that rely solely on formal institutions and programmes towards policies which are open to complementary informal strategies and resources as well. This, however, implies the acceptance of uncertain policy outcomes.

Keywords: transition policies; capitalist labour societies; social integration; Madrid

Chapter.  9295 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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