Chapter

Job isolation in the US: narrowing the gap through job access and reverse-commute programs

Robert Cervero

in Running on empty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9781861345707
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303282 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861345707.003.0011
Job isolation in the US: narrowing the gap through job access and reverse-commute programs

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Chapters Ten to Thirteen offer four US-based case studies, each demonstrating some of the practical initiatives that have emerged to address transport inequities in the US. This chapter describes and evaluates initiatives that have been introduced in the State of California in response to the Job Access and Reverse Commute (JARC) programme as part of the US ‘welfare-to-work’ agenda, which aims to assist low-pay workers to access entry-level employment. Reverse-commute public-transport services have over the years been viewed as important means of enhancing the mobility and job prospects of inner-city residents. However, relatively little empirical research has been carried out that examines the reverse-commute marketplace.

Keywords: US; transport inequities; California; JARC; entry-level employment; reverse commute

Chapter.  6248 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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