Towards a ‘social welfare’ approach to transport

Karen Lucas

in Running on empty

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9781861345707
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303282 | DOI:
Towards a ‘social welfare’ approach to transport

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  • Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility


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This chapter draws comparative lessons between the UK and the US, identifying how the social- and transport-policy agenda on both sides of the Atlantic can better embrace the issue of social equity in the future. The statistical evidence shows that people living on the lowest incomes, in both the UK and the US, spend a far greater proportion of their income to travel less often and over shorter distances than the average population. This ‘travel poverty’ significantly reduces their life chances because of a reduced opportunity to access a decent education, gainful employment, healthcare services, and other amenities. Now, new policy and legislative frameworks are being developed in both countries in an attempt to address this previous oversight. US policy and practice is more advanced in this respect and the UK policy makers and practitioners have much to learn from the experiences of their US counterparts.

Keywords: US; UK; social welfare; transport policies; travel poverty; social policy

Chapter.  3438 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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