Paradoxes of democracy: the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion

Marina Calloni

in The changing face of welfare

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9781861345929
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303701 | DOI:
Paradoxes of democracy: the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion

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This chapter seeks to challenge the concept of citizenship in the light of the main paradox of politics and democracy, consisting of the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion within a delimited territory. A reconstruction of the recent debate on social citizenship, multiculturalism, and cosmopolitanism – which refers to the transformation of the welfare state, the process of European unification, and the effects of globalisation – allows for the reconceptualising of the notions of marginalisation and social policy within a more complex international scenario. This factor should permit one to extend and, at the same time, to restrict the political/cultural boundaries of the nation/welfare state. Indeed, the main challenge consists of rethinking the normative basis and meaning of a ‘cross-borders’ democracy, social justice, and global governance, starting from local experiences.

Keywords: citizenship; multiculturalism; cosmopolitanism; welfare state; marginalisation; social policy

Chapter.  7544 words. 

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