Chapter

Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring

Birte Siim

in The changing face of welfare

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9781861345929
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303701 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861345929.003.0010
Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring

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This chapter uses the framework of citizenship to study the barriers and potentials for gender equality in the era of globalisation and welfare-state restructuring. In this frame, citizenship has two dimensions: a welfare-state dimension designating social policies, and a democratic dimension designating the participation and identities of citizens. The chapter first gives an overview of the dynamics of welfare-state restructuring in the era of globalisation, and discusses the implication of these shifts in policy logic from a male breadwinner model to a dual breadwinner or an adult-worker model for gender equality and inequality. Second, it looks at the trend towards individualisation and changes in the organisation of care work in post-industrial societies, discussing the potential for gender equality based on the Nordic example, often seen as an inspiration for gender equality. The last section addresses the role of European integration in relation to gender equality and social policies, and the tendency towards convergence and divergence in the European welfare state.

Keywords: globalisation; welfare state; social policy; breadwinner model; individualisation; European integration

Chapter.  7608 words. 

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