New forms of citizenship and social integration in European societies

Birgit Pfau-Effinger

in The changing face of welfare

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9781861345929
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303701 | DOI:
New forms of citizenship and social integration in European societies

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This chapter discusses the change in the cultural construct of the citizen of European welfare states, which can be characterised as a shift from a notion of citizenship as passive towards a model of active citizenship. The main features of ‘active citizenship’ include autonomy, self-responsibility, flexibility, geographical mobility, a professional education, and the ability to engage in civil society to fulfil one's own interests. In the field of policies towards family and care, two different approaches to active citizenship are relevant. In the first approach, the main focus is on the integration of a higher proportion of women into waged work. The second approach is based on the promotion of informal care in the framework of the family and the introduction of a new social right to care. Both approaches have been further developed in different welfare regimes, and in part coexist within the same ones.

Keywords: European welfare states; active citizens; social policy; family; care; women; employment

Chapter.  6190 words. 

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