Poverty and social exclusion: theory and policy

David M. Smith

in On the margins of inclusion

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9781861346018
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302872 | DOI:
Poverty and social exclusion: theory and policy

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  • Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility


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This chapter shows how the current ‘social exclusion’ concept has been deployed in the UK and the historical, institutional, and political contexts that have influenced the debates surrounding the causes of poverty and social exclusion. It notes that the ‘social exclusion’ concept originated in EU poverty programmes during the 1980s while in Britain and the US the same concerns were addressed in terms of the emergence of an urban ‘underclass’ (Silver 1994). It further notes that the concepts are not unrelated and both are concerned with the relative roles of agency and structural and/or institutional causes and both emerged together with debates surrounding the ‘new poverty’ associated with global economic changes.

Keywords: social exclusion; UK; poverty; EU poverty programmes; US; urban underclass; new poverty; economic changes

Chapter.  9659 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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