Chapter

Labour markets, exclusion and social capital<sup>1</sup>

David M. Smith

in On the margins of inclusion

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9781861346018
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447302872 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861346018.003.0008
Labour markets, exclusion and social capital1

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This chapter places its emphasis on the exclusionary strategies employed by one section of a community against another and not on how patterns of social exclusion and disadvantage emerge as an outcome of socioeconomic changes or of political priorities. It notes that those excluded from informal opportunities are detached from the localised forms of knowledge through which particular strategies and paths of action can be followed. It observes that in reality, spatial proximity, similarities in demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and associations between people sharing common histories meant that networks did overlap, and there is no clear segregation in patterns of association, only tendencies. It further notes however that certain factors, both internal to the network and in the collective perceptions that different groups of people pursuing distinct strategies in respect of work and welfare held towards each other, play an important role in the preferential distribution of opportunities.

Keywords: exclusionary strategies; social exclusion; socioeconomic changes; political priorities; informal opportunities; spatial proximity; segregation; welfare; opportunities

Chapter.  10155 words. 

Subjects: Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

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