Chapter

Migrants' care work in private households, or the strength of bilocal and transnational ties as a last(ing) resource in global migration

Felicitas Hillmann

in Care and social integration in European societies

Published by Policy Press

Published in print September 2005 | ISBN: 9781861346049
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301592 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.003.0005
Migrants' care work in private households, or the strength of bilocal and transnational ties as a last(ing) resource in global migration

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This chapter describes the impact of gender in the global migration debate. Italy and Germany are chosen to highlight the high capacity of migrant strategies to adapt to the needs of an informalised labour market and to cope with precarious situations in the countries of origin. The chapter then provides two regional case studies. The southern European, that is, Italian, model is emphasized by characterising the situation of migrant care workers in the 1990s and by pointing out their transnational strategies. The regional examples illustrate differences: while Italy has a longstanding tradition of employing care workers and offers a vast informal sector that absorbs migrant workers very easily, Germany's care traditions are quite different. When comparing the two regional examples, it may be concluded that Italy's situation in the early 1990s resembles the migrant inclusion model in the field of care work in Germany in the early 2000s.

Keywords: global migration; private households; gender; Italy; Germany; migrant strategies; migrant care workers

Chapter.  7601 words. 

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