Chapter

Conclusion: welfare states and the politics of teenage pregnancy: lessons from cross-national comparisons

Corinne Nativel and Anne Daguerre

in When children become parents

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9781861346780
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304272 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861346780.003.0011
Conclusion: welfare states and the politics of teenage pregnancy: lessons from cross-national comparisons

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New insights into the politics of teenage pregnancy have been developed by drawing together examples from across different types of welfare regimes in the industrialised world. The main message has been that welfare state institutions, policies and narratives are critical to the understanding of early motherhood in ‘varieties of capitalist states’. This concluding chapter returns to each of the three hypotheses formulated in the first chapter and uses the key findings of the case study chapters not only to confirm their validity and relevance to the study of teenage pregnancy, but also to draw wider scholarly and policy-relevant lessons. The first of these hypotheses concerned the role of social protection towards individual households and the family. The second hypothesis suggests that diverging social attitudes, beliefs and policies towards youth sexuality are expected to exert a significant influence on teenage well-being and reproductive behaviour. The third hypothesis indicates that state intervention towards teenage pregnancy may be driven by differing regulatory regimes as to the appropriate timing of fertility, the pace of entry into adulthood, and breadwinner/caregiver models.

Keywords: welfare states; industrialized countries; social policy; teenage pregnancy; adolescents; reproductive behaviour; sexual behaviour

Chapter.  5802 words. 

Subjects: Marriage and the Family

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