Chapter

Socioeconomic origins of parents and child poverty

Jonathan Bradshaw, Emese Mayhew, Shirley Dex, Heather Joshi and Kelly Ward

in Children of the 21st century

Published by Policy Press

Published in print October 2005 | ISBN: 9781861346889
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301783 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861346889.003.0003
Socioeconomic origins of parents and child poverty

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Probably one of the single most important elements of a child's origins that affect their development and subsequent life chances is the family's economic circumstances. This chapter reviews the socioeconomic human capital of parents of Millennium Cohort babies and considers families' financial resources. It examines the extent of families living in poverty at the start of the cohort child's life and the family characteristics associated with living in poverty are described. Measuring poverty involves discussing how to assess poverty using income and relative poverty measures available in the data. The chapter also includes an examination of how families feel their financial circumstances changed over the time of having this birth. Finally, it considers the contribution to family resources and relationships of wider kin, in the form of grandparents who are part of babies' social, relationship and financial capitals at the start of their lives.

Keywords: family's economic circumstances; child poverty; relative poverty; family resources; grandparents

Chapter.  12900 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Marriage and the Family

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