This chapter examines the historical relationship between modernity, civil society, and civic virtue. It demonstrates the value base of social policy. It argues that civil society is rooted in civic republicanism, secularism, and socialism. However, it notes that the origins of civil society, in social policy terms, are intimately connected to a much older tradition of charity that defined civic virtue but not always in humanistic ways.
Keywords: modernity; civil society; civic virtue; social policy; civic republicanism; civic secularism; civic socialism
Chapter. 13681 words.
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