Chapter

Gender, crime, and criminal justice

Basia Spalek

in Communities, identities and crime

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9781861348043
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301899 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348043.003.0006
Gender, crime, and criminal justice

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This chapter examines gender in relation to crime, victimisation and criminal justice. It argues that apparently neutral, objective scientific research, when applied to women, is actually underpinned by sexist assumptions. As a result, feminist researchers have challenged gender-biased distortions by using the voices of female offenders and by concentrating upon their experiences to provide a more accurate picture of women offenders. At the same time, feminist work has questioned some of the male-orientated assumptions underpinning traditional victimological work, which has led to women's behaviour being judged and implicated in the crimes that have been committed against them. This chapter also highlights how researchers, policy makers, and practitioners increasingly acknowledge diversity amongst women, and discusses criminal justice responses to sexual and domestic violence. In particular, it considers legal changes to the issue of consent in cases of rape, along with the implementation of initiatives aimed at supporting victims of domestic and sexual violence. Finally, it looks at community safety issues and women's fear of crime and the management of their personal safety.

Keywords: gender; crime; victimisation; criminal justice; women; women offenders; community safety; personal safety; sexual violence; domestic violence

Chapter.  11491 words. 

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