Chapter

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities: crime, victimisation and criminal justice

Basia Spalek

in Communities, identities and crime

Published by Policy Press

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9781861348043
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447301899 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348043.003.0009
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities: crime, victimisation and criminal justice

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This chapter looks at the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities in relation to crime, criminal justice and victimisation, as these people have traditionally been marginalised by policy makers and researchers. It argues that when considering LGBT minority experiences, it is important to consider the oppositional binary heterosexual/homosexual that is said to underpin western society, casting same-sex desire into the category of the Other, the delegitimised. Not only have LGBT minorities had to struggle against scientific medical constructions of sexuality that represent any kind of sexual orientation that lies outside of heterosexuality as pathological, abnormal and unnatural; they also had to challenge the institutions of heterosexuality, marriage, and family, for example, for oppressing them. The gay and lesbian liberation movements have constituted a critique of mainstream discourses that view homosexuality as perverse, and have reacted against institutions of heterosexuality that oppress those forms of sexual orientation that lie outside heterosexism. This chapter also discusses knowledge claims arising from LGBT communities and the challenges that these identities pose for criminological knowledge production.

Keywords: LGBT minorities; crime; criminal justice; victimisation; sexual orientation; heterosexuality; homosexuality; knowledge claims

Chapter.  7833 words. 

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