Chapter

China’s social policy: background and issues

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok and David Phillips

in Social policy in China

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9781861348807
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303411 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0001
China’s social policy: background and issues

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This book explores the extent of Chinese people's well-being, based on the development of five key policy areas: social security, labour, health, education and housing. The issues that are central to a better understanding of Chinese social policy are addressed. In China, a person's life chances in terms of job opportunities and public service entitlements are determined by the Household Registration System (HRS). In today's China, the division of residency contributes to the division of welfare provision among Chinese citizens. A Reemployment Service Centre (RSC) is a transitional shelter for workers before they move into the open job market. Social security in China is not limited to financial assistance but includes social insurance, social welfare, the special care and placement systems, social relief and housing services. Finally, an overview of the chapters included in this book is provided.

Keywords: China; social policy; social security; labour; health; education; housing

Chapter.  4446 words.  Illustrated.

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