Chapter

Social policy in the context of economic reforms

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok and David Phillips

in Social policy in China

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9781861348807
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303411 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0003
Social policy in the context of economic reforms

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This chapter provides an account of China's welfare changes over three decades in the context of economic reforms. In particular, it explores the welfare functions of communes and work units before China's economic reforms. The new economic ideologies and practices during the first stage of reforms and the key economic ideologies and measures in the second reform stage after 1993 and their impact on the employment and benefits of workers are also investigated. Furthermore, the chapter evaluates the main welfare initiatives adopted by the Chinese government during the two stages of economic reforms. Welfare reforms in China mainly resulted from its new economic policies. The Chinese government had to establish a new welfare system compatible with the operation of a market economy. There is a gap between economic development and social development in China; economic growth has been pursued at the expense of the well-being of deprived groups.

Keywords: social policy; economic reforms; China; economic ideologies; welfare reforms; Chinese government; economic growth

Chapter.  8062 words. 

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