Chapter

The making of social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok and David Phillips

in Social policy in China

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9781861348807
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303411 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0004
The making of social policy in China

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This chapter examines the nature and organisational structure of the Chinese Communist Party. It also explains the key policy players in China's politics, including the Politburo Standing Committee, the National People's Congress and the State Council. Moreover, it discusses the process of policy making, and the key government departments responsible for making Chinese social policy such as the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Construction. During the formulation of the Labour Contract Law, the most controversial issue was the guiding principle of the Law. The final version of the Law is a compromise between the interests of the employees and the employers. Many social policies cannot achieve their policy goals as originally proclaimed. As the pace of marketisation and decentralisation intensifies, Chinese civil society is also developing.

Keywords: social policy; Chinese Communist Party; Politburo Standing Committee; National People's Congress; State Council; Social Security; Ministry of Civil Affairs; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Education; Ministry of Construction

Chapter.  5539 words.  Illustrated.

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