Chapter

Social security policy

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok and David Phillips

in Social policy in China

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9781861348807
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303411 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0005
Social security policy

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This chapter explains the welfare functions of communes and work units before China's economic reforms. It also describes the new social security measures which came about after 1978 such as old age pensions in cities and the countryside, the Minimum Standard of Living Scheme, and the Five Guarantees. Moreover, the impact of China's social security reforms on the well-being of welfare recipients in the context of the modified human dignity framework is addressed. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has nearly completely destroyed its core value of equality. The new social security system is biased towards both urban areas and people engaged in the labour market. It should be stressed that China has made remarkable progress in terms of poverty reduction.

Keywords: social security policy; economic reforms; China; old age pensions; Minimum Standard of Living Scheme; Five Guarantees; labour market

Chapter.  12851 words. 

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