Chapter

Welfare reforms and well-being

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok and David Phillips

in Social policy in China

Published by Policy Press

Published in print February 2008 | ISBN: 9781861348807
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303411 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0010
Welfare reforms and well-being

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This chapter reports on the extent of people's well-being in China's modern welfare system. It also draws conclusions on the key features of the Chinese welfare system, including: minimal levels of assistance; urban- and labour market-oriented welfare provision; collective surveillance and social segregation, leading to a cycle of deprivation among poor families; gradually introducing laid-off workers to the open employment market; administrative absorption of welfare dissatisfaction; and a gap in welfare implementation. The long-term development of China's welfare system is unclear although there have been some signs of improvement under the administration of Chairman Wu and Premier Wen. The development of social policy over the past three decades, revealed the exclusion of migrant workers from basic needs, and the welfare gap between men and women, shows that China's traditional socialist welfare values centred on equality and human needs have been severely suppressed.

Keywords: welfare reforms; well-being; Chinese welfare system; welfare provision; employment market; social policy

Chapter.  14232 words. 

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