Public protection in practice: Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)

Hazel Kemshall and Jason Wood

in Private and confidential?

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2008 | ISBN: 9781861349064
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447303077 | DOI:
Public protection in practice: Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)

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The late 1990s saw the development of Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) in England and Wales. These arrangements were given legislative force in the 2000 Criminal Justice and Courts Services Act, with ‘responsible authorities’ tasked with risk assessing and managing offenders who meet the MAPPA criteria. In order to carry out these duties, personal information on offenders is collected, stored, and exchanged. MAPPA agencies are mindful that they must operate within the law, particularly the European Convention on Human Rights and data protection legislation; but also that key inquiries and high-profile cases have highlighted the difficulties for appropriate risk assessment and management occasioned by failures to exchange information between relevant agencies. This chapter explores the types of personal information required for effective risk assessment and risk management; and how it is reviewed, used, and exchanged. It considers the tensions around individual and third party confidentiality, and also disclosure to agencies within MAPPA and to affected third parties. Accountability processes for appropriate information management, including the transparency of decision making and third party disclosure, are addressed, including issues of monitoring and surveillance of high-risk offenders. The chapter concludes by looking at the overall regulation and accountability of the MAPPA system including consistency of practice, standards, and the avoidance of abuse.

Keywords: personal information; risk assessment; risk management; information management; accountability

Chapter.  5968 words.  Illustrated.

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