Chapter

Who leaves the labour market and who returns? The changing effect of marriage and children

Cristina Solera

in Women in and out of paid work

Published by Policy Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9781861349309
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9781447304319 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781861349309.003.0005
Who leaves the labour market and who returns? The changing effect of marriage and children

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This chapter first looks at the entire observed work trajectory from first job up until the age of 35 in order to furnish a descriptive picture of how many and which women, in each cohort, have entered employment and experienced none, one, or several family-care breaks. It then focuses on specific transitions within the entire trajectory and, using the technique of event history analysis, examines their changing correlates. In other words, it examines transitions between employment and housework and the changing effects of a woman's education, labour market experience, occupational class, type of job (full time or part time), marital and childrearing histories, her mother's work experience, and the yearly unemployment rate of the region in which she lives. By running first a single additive model for all the four birth cohorts, and then separate models by cohort, the chapter also indirectly addresses the ‘compositional’ issue of the post-war increase in women's employment. The last section summarises and discusses the main findings.

Keywords: work trajectory; event history analysis; housework; education; labour market experience; occupational class; marital history; childrearing history; unemployment rates

Chapter.  13012 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Gender and Sexuality

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