Chapter

Some Definitions

Marilyn Strathern

in The Gender of the Gift

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 1988 | ISBN: 9780520064232
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520910713 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520064232.003.0007
Some Definitions

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The contrast imagined between Western and Melanesian worlds applies equally to the nature of symbolic constructions themselves. Critiques of commodity ideology point out that labor in fact originates in the work of persons. The process of objectification establishes a relation between subjects and the objects of their regard that is known through the separation of one from the other. Gender refers to the internal relations between parts of persons, and to their externalization as relations between persons. Politics, economic systems, religious belief, family life, or for that matter, ideology and cognitive structures, or relations and forces of production, systems, and events all appear to Westerners as manageably distinct levels or domains whose similarities or differences may then expound in showing their relationship to one another.

Keywords: commodity ideology; labor; objectification; gender; Westerners; politics; economic systems; religious belief

Chapter.  8189 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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