Chapter

Marriage and Mobility under Rural Collectivism

William Lavely

in Marriage and Inequality in Chinese Society

Published by University of California Press

Published in print April 1991 | ISBN: 9780520069305
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520910454 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520069305.003.0010
Marriage and Mobility under Rural Collectivism

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The structure of economic inequality was radically altered in China by the Communist party when it took power in 1949. In a series of land reallocation measures—beginning with land reform in the early 1950s and leading to full collectivization and the establishment of communes in 1958—the party created a rural environment in which people were no longer divided into classes of tenants, wage laborers, smallholders, and landlords. Although some of the most radical features of the commune system were later revised, it was not until the 1980s and the introduction of the new “responsibility system” that the machinery of collectivization was dismantled. This chapter investigates how rural collectivism affected marriage.

Keywords: China; Communist party; marriage; rural collectivism

Chapter.  10348 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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