Chapter

The Suppression and Reassertion of National Values in Socialist Romania

Katherine Verdery

in National Ideology Under Socialism

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 1991 | ISBN: 9780520072169
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520917286 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520072169.003.0004
The Suppression and Reassertion of National Values in Socialist Romania

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This chapter illustrates the suppression and reassertion of national values in socialist Romania. The Romania of the late 1970s and 1980s provides a classic example of a breed that was becoming rare during those years: a neo-Stalinist, highly centralized command economy conforming well to the bureaucratic allocative model. Almost none of the expanded market forces, decentralized economic decision making, or political pluralism emerging in Hungary, Poland, or the Soviet Union graced the Romanian landscape. The state persecuted independent entrepreneurship, increasingly raided peasants' “private” plots, militarized many enterprises so as to check sliding output, placed economic contracts under supervision by the General Prosecutor's Office, and chipped away at all enterprises' funds for paying workers. In addition to its unusually high centralization, Romania was unusual within the bloc for its mode of control. In its early days the Romanian regime controlled its population chiefly by force, which was later relaxed and briefly supplemented in the 1960s with a few economic incentives.

Keywords: suppression; reassertion of national values; Socialist Romania; neo-Stalinist; political pluralism; economic decision making

Chapter.  14830 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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