Chapter

Beyond 1965

Michael F. Brown and Eduardo Fernandez

in War of Shadows

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 1991 | ISBN: 9780520074354
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520911352 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520074354.003.0012
Beyond 1965

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The Peruvian government declared the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR)'s act of revolutionary boldness a failure. The hunt for the Asháninkas believed to have aided the guerrillas continued on even after the death of the Túpac Amaru's leaders. The chief irony of the 1965 insurgency was that its long-term impact on the Peruvian armed forces was the exact opposite of what the U.S. Embassy had anticipated. The 1968 coup d'etât of the armed forces threw the Peruvian left into even greater disarray than usual. President Juan Velasco declared a general amnesty for all those implicated in the guerrilla war of 1965. The MRTA and the Shining Path owe their growth to the precipitous decline of Peru's debt-ridden economy. In the immediate aftermath of 1965, the Asháninkas of the Río Perené saw modest improvement in their lives. The Asháninkas have sustained a distinctive way of life despite four centuries of contact with the West.

Keywords: Peruvian government; Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria; Asháninkas; Túpac Amaru; MRTA; Shining Path; Río Perené; 1968 coup d'etât; guerrilla war

Chapter.  6943 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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