Elvin Hatch

in Respectable Lives

Published by University of California Press

Published in print November 1991 | ISBN: 9780520074729
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520911437 | DOI:

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The cultural ideas underlying occupation in South Downs has concentrated on two hierarchical orders: first, the total occupational system of the community, or the pattern that emerges when all the jobs of the district are considered as a whole; and second, the occupational system of local farmers. The principle of farming ability is grounded on explicit and complex theories about how best to produce sheep and wool, while that of refinement is rooted in a set of ideas about the “first four ships,” the differences between Scots and English, and the like. People in California seemed to assign the criterion of wealth greater weight than people in South Downs. The Joneses raise a crucial point about the contestedness of the systems of meaning behind the local social order. The accumulation of wealth is a moral goal in South Downs.

Keywords: South Downs; occupational system; local farmers; farming ability; California; Joneses; social order; wealth

Chapter.  3265 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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