Chapter

Demography and Income

Yasuhito Kinoshita

in Refuge of the Honored

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780520075955
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520911789 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520075955.003.0003
Demography and Income

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This chapter provides an overview of Japan's demography and income. The aging of Japanese society has three distinct features. First, because their industrialization began late, the Japanese were able to borrow methods and materials that the West had taken a century to perfect. Second, the proportion of the elderly is projected to reach a higher level than in any other nation, probably as a result of complex social, genetic, and environmental conditions. Third, an unusually large proportion is expected to be over seventy-five and therefore more frail. Japan has become one of the strongest economic powers in the world, with a gross national product second only to that of the United States; this situation both exacerbates the older-population problem and helps relieve it. The chapter examines how the nation's wealth affects the income structures of the aged, particularly the middle class, with whom we are most closely concerned.

Keywords: Japan; demography; aging society; economy; wealth; elderly; aged; middle class

Chapter.  2540 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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