Takie Sugiyama Lebra

in Above the Clouds

Published by University of California Press

Published in print January 1993 | ISBN: 9780520076006
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520911796 | DOI:

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The kazoku status, to be hereditary, had to have its culture carried on by successive generations. Chapters 3–6 conveyed what that status culture was like; this chapter considers how it was acquired by or transmitted to kazoku members, with a main, but not exclusive, focus on the child. To the extent that “what” cannot be separated from “how,” some redundancy, particularly with Chapter 5, will be unavoidable, especially in regard to who socialized kazoku children. The socialization influence flows both vertically—downward from superiors or seniors, or upward from inferiors or juniors (as when a kazoku master was influenced by his servant, or a parent by his or her child)—and horizontally, between peers or age-mates. Kazoku sometimes felt such multidirectional flows of influence in striking ways. The diversity of socializing agents, indeed, may account for the fact that socialization not only reproduced but also on occasion modified or even created status culture.

Keywords: kazoku; Japanese aristocracy; socialization; social status

Chapter.  17741 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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