Chapter

Mental and Psychical Sciences

Albert E. Moyer

in A Scientist's Voice in American Culture

Published by University of California Press

Published in print September 1992 | ISBN: 9780520076891
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520912137 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520076891.003.0010
Mental and Psychical Sciences

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Although Newcomb was confident of the conceptual foundations of modern science, he did question the reliability of some of the superstructures built on them, and thus attempted to discredit the common belief in “scientific materialism”—the belief that mental phenomena could be reduced to physical processes. Similarly, he sought to debunk the growing belief in what might be called “scientific spiritualism”—the belief that psychic phenomena could be attributed to new and unseen processes operating in, for example, the ether. These probings of the superstructure of science, of scientific materialism and scientific spiritualism, are merely modest examples of Newcomb operating on our first level of methodological rhetoric. They are only modest examples because, although Newcomb was employing methodological pronouncements to discredit emerging and still-controversial theories of perceived scientific merit, he was neither grappling with theories of central concern to practicing natural scientists nor always directing his remarks to his professional colleagues.

Keywords: Simon Newcomb; scientific materialism; mental phenomena; scientific spiritualism

Chapter.  6827 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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