Chapter

Geography, Demography, and Family Composition in Three Southwestern Villages

Deborah Davis and Stevan Harrell

in Chinese Families in the Post-Mao Era

Published by University of California Press

Published in print October 1993 | ISBN: 9780520077973
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520913578 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520077973.003.0004
Geography, Demography, and Family Composition in Three Southwestern Villages

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In areas where the fertility-control campaign has been implemented more strictly, these changes are more noticeable. The effects of reforms in economy, however, are more indirect. While the reforms have had a visible effect on the ways families organize their labor for production, especially in areas where entrepreneurship has begun to flourish, the effects on the family developmental cycle are less easily proven, though some trends can certainly be detected. This chapter examines household organization in three villages whose economy in the 1980s varied from almost pure subsistence to free-wheeling entrepreneurial, and examines the differential effects of the planned-birth program and the economic reforms in each village. As in so many societies with this and other forms of family organization, there was a series of centripetal and centrifugal factors that united brothers in pursuit of common economic goals or divided them in suspicion of each other's and each other's wives' motives.

Keywords: reforms; economy; families; entrepreneurship; household; planned-birth program; village

Chapter.  11673 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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