Chapter

Consolidation

Benjamin Harshav

in Language in Time of Revolution

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 1993 | ISBN: 9780520079588
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520912960 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520079588.003.0014
Consolidation

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Masses of Jews in the Diaspora, especially the young generation streaming out of the disintegrating shtetl, now embraced the conquests of the Jewish revolution: the new parties and the new culture were no longer confined to narrow circles of the intelligentsia. Within the relative freedom for national organization of minorities allowed for a while in liberated Russia and in the newly established nation-states after Versailles, this movement gave rise to a new and ramified cultural establishment. For some time, Hebrew literature still wavered between Eretz-Israel and the Diaspora. In the 1920s, in fact, all the achievements of the Jewish revolution were consolidated. Intrinsically, a full-fledged Jewish secular polysystem emerged in the reborn Poland with its three million Jews; a truncated system in the Soviet Union; a consociational political and social entity in Eretz-Israel; and partial implementations in other countries.

Keywords: Jews; Diaspora; shtetl; culture; intelligentsia; freedom; Hebrew; literature; Eretz; Israel

Chapter.  734 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural Anthropology

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