Chapter

Three Factors in the Revival of the Language

Benjamin Harshav

in Language in Time of Revolution

Published by University of California Press

Published in print August 1993 | ISBN: 9780520079588
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520912960 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520079588.003.0023
Three Factors in the Revival of the Language

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Instead of a detailed examination of the problematic evidence and investigation of every person who spoke or taught Hebrew, this chapter analyzes the basic phenomenon, the deep structure of the language revolution. Clearly, there was a strongly felt ideology demanding the revival of the language; but that was not enough. The revolution could occur because of the unique intersection of three complex historical factors in the lives of many individuals: the life of Hebrew in Diaspora, the revival of Hebrew in writing, the establishment of new social cells in a “social desert” (in Eretz-Israel). Abbreviated, those were: the religious, the secular, and the realized Zionist polysystems. The revival of the language was carried out by people who personally, in their own biography, linked these three areas. Their unique integration was indispensable for the miracle of the revival of the language.

Keywords: language; revolution; ideology; revival; Hebrew; Diaspora; social desert; Eretz-Israel

Chapter.  810 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural Anthropology

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