Chapter

Capitoline

Filippo Coarelli

in Rome and Environs

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780520079601
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935099 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520079601.003.0003
Capitoline

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This chapter describes the Capitoline as the farthest projection of a group of hills that breaks off from the plateau northeast of Rome and extends almost to the Tiber. The Capitoline separates the Campus Martius from the Roman Forum and Forum Boarium. Because of its strategic position and physical characteristics, the hill readily served as a citadel. According to ancient tradition, it was at this hill that Saturn established the region's first community, which was destined to become Rome. The Temple of the Capitoline Triad Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Juno Regina, and Minerva was the most important cult center in the Roman state. The chapter discusses several significant events that occurred in this place, and provides descriptions of such other buildings at the Capitoline as the Area Capitolina, the Tabularium, the Temple of Veiovis, and the Arx.

Keywords: Capitoline; Campus Martius; Roman Forum; Forum Boarium; Capitoline Triad; Area Capitolina; Tabularium; Temple of Veiovis

Chapter.  6164 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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