Chapter

Tivoli and the Tiburtine Territory

Filippo Coarelli

in Rome and Environs

Published by University of California Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780520079601
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520935099 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520079601.003.0020
Tivoli and the Tiburtine Territory

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This chapter notes that Tivoli enjoyed a strategic position on the route between the upper and lower Anio basin, a situation which made it the key to Latium Vetus for those traveling from the area corresponding to present-day Abruzzo. It explains that the foundation of Tivoli is attributed to Tiburnus, one of the three sons of the Argive hero Amphiaraos. The chapter shows that the Tiburtines were among the Latins who fought the Romans at Lake Regillus at the beginning of the fifth century bc, immediately after which Tivoli became part of the league dominated by Rome. It also discusses the streets and structures in the Tiburtine territory. When Tivoli became a municipium after the Social War, the praetors were replaced as magistrates by the quattuorviri, who assumed the function of censors every five years (quinquennales). The most important cult, that of Hercules Victor, gave rise to a collegium of Herculanei.

Keywords: Tivoli; Latium Vetus; Amphiaraos; Tiburnus; Tiburtines; municipium; social war; quattuorviri; quinquennales; Hercules Victor

Chapter.  7513 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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