Chapter

Movements from Below, Hegemony from Above

Susan C. Stokes

in Cultures in Conflict

Published by University of California Press

Published in print May 1995 | ISBN: 9780520086173
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780520916234 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/california/9780520086173.003.0001
Movements from Below, Hegemony from Above

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The “making” of Rosario Huayta and many thousands of poor people like her is the central story of this book. It is the story of the transformation of politics in one Latin American country, but its themes are more universal. This particular story raises a general question: When subordinate groups do not mobilize collectively, does inaction reflect anticipated or real repression, or the perception that movements would be likely to fail? Alternatively, does it reflect the consent of subordinate groups to the order that keeps them in positions of subordination? The Peruvian case shows that a kind of consent may lie behind the relative political passivity of the poor, just as the shattering of consent may be a precondition for lower-class mobilization.

Keywords: Rosario Huayta; political transformation; Latin America; subordination; Peru; political passivity

Chapter.  4586 words. 

Subjects: Anthropology

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